List of Poisonous Frogs Around the World and Their Characteristics

Although frogs usually look cute and harmless, there are actually several types of frogs that are poisonous in the world. In Indonesia itself, animals that can live in these two realms are often referred to as frogs, even though basically the two are different.

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Difference Between Frogs and Toads

Although often considered the same, frogs and toads are two different living things. Frogs or in English called frogs are amphibians from the Ranidae tribe with the main characteristics of smooth skin and can jump far. While frogs or toads are the designation of amphibian animals from the Bufonidae tribe with the main characteristics of rough skin and can only jump short.

But unfortunately, the difference only applies in the UK. Because the terms frogs and toads in Indonesia are only used for species belonging to the Ranidae and Bufonidae tribes. Therefore, the term frog in Indonesia is used for species from the Bufonidae tribe and the term frog is given to species from the Ranidae, Microhylidae, and Rhacophoridae tribes.

So, to be clearer, here are some differences between frogs and kodos that need to be understood, including:

1. Frogs tend to be slimmer than frogs, which are fatter and rounder.
2. Frog skin tends to be smoother, while frog skin has nodules on its body.
3. The frog’s own habitat is in the trees, while the frogs are above the ground.
4. The sound of frogs tends to be louder than frogs and this distinctive sound will usually be issued along with the arrival of the rainy season and also becomes a marker of the breeding season.
5. The behavior of frogs tends to be more active than frogs.
6. On the tongue of the frog, there is an adhesive substance that is used to catch insects, while the frog will prey on insects in a close position.
7. Frog meat tends to be thicker than frogs according to their habitat.

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After understanding the difference between frogs and toads, in the following we will discuss about the poisonous frog species that exist around the world.

Characteristics and Characteristics of Poisonous Frogs

Frogs that contain toxins in their skin usually have characteristics compared to frogs that do not have toxins in their bodies. Dangerous frogs will usually be active during the day and have a body color that tends to be bright. In addition to bright colors, poison frogs also have an aposematic pattern that serves to warn predators. The light color is related to the level of toxicity of the alkaloids in their skin.

Poisonous Frog in the World

The deadliest frogs in the world come mostly from the rainforests of Central America and also South America, namely the Amazon forest. Poison frogs themselves are often used by indigenous Amazonian tribes to hunt by smearing the tips of the arrows they carry.

The following is a list of some of the poisonous frogs around the world, including:

1. Asian Toad

This frog has the Latin name Duttaphrynus Melanostictus. In some areas, this poisonous frog is called the bangkong kolong, Javanese frog, or Sunda frog. The distribution itself is relatively wide, covering South and Southeast Asia including Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and so on.

The latest information from the poisonous frog is that it has a body size of up to 20 cm. Where this frog population has invaded the island of Madagascar and disrupted the ecosystem as well as other animal populations such as snakes, lemurs, and eagles.

2. Golden Poison Frog

This frog has the scientific name Phyllobates terribilis. Where this very deadly poisonous frog comes from Colombia and lives in rainforest areas with very high rainfall. This type of frog lives in groups, its body color itself is bright and looks very attractive even though there is a very dangerous poison behind it. Phyllobates Terribilis is an endangered species. Although usually golden yellow in color, several sub-species of this golden frog have various colors, such as orange and green.

3. Panamanian Golden Frog

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The golden panama frog has the Latin name telopus Zaketi. This type of poison frog is endemic to Panama and also inhabits the forest slopes of the Cordillera mountains. The IUCN lists this golden panama frog in very critical condition. Despite the fact that it has been considered extinct in the wild since 2007.

4. Splash-Back Poison Frog

The deadliest poison frog in the next world is the Splash-back poison frog or which has the Latin name Ranitomeya Variabilis. This type of frog lives in the rainforests of Ecuador and Colombia. The color of this frog is very unique, namely the color gradation between red, green, yellow, and orange with a black pattern.

5. Granular Poison Frog

This frog, which has the scientific name Oophaga Granulifera, comes from the Dendrobatidae family. The habitat itself is in the forests of Costa Rica and Panama, which are lowland tropical forests. For his own body size is relatively small, which is about 2 mm. On the skin, there are fine grains with a distinctive bright orange color on the head, body, and upper arms.

While the lower part including the legs and forearms are bluish green. The poison from his body is used to defend himself from enemies or predators. While the bright color on its skin is used as a warning to predators that its body contains a very dangerous poison.

6. Corroboree Frog

This type of frog consists of two species, namely Pseudophryne Corroboree and Pseudophryne Pengilley. This frog has the ability to produce its own poison and does not come from certain food sources like other types of poisonous frogs in the world. Both types of frogs come from the Southern Tablelands, Australia. These poisonous amphibians can produce alkaloids as self-defense toxins and also protect their skin from microbes. If this frog poison enters the body of a predator, it will be very deadly.

7. Black-Legged Dart Frog

Phyllobates bicolor is a poisonous frog that comes from West Colombia, precisely along the San Juan river area. This type of frog occupies the second position of the most poisonous frog in the world. Like other types of poisonous frogs, the body of this amphibian is also brightly colored, namely yellow or orange. Their habitat is in lowland forests with high humidity.

The poison itself can cause death in humans. It only takes 150 micrograms of poison to kill an adult human. Generally, the poison frog is used for hunting by applying the liquid that comes out of the skin to the tip of the arrow or spear. The nature of the poison is that it can paralyze the respiratory system and also the muscles of motion.

8. Blue Poison Dart Frog

This blue poison frog is usually also called the Blue Poison Arrow Frog. While the scientific name is D. tinctorius azureus which comes from Suriname. By local residents there, this one frog is known as okopipi. The body itself is of medium size, which is 3 to 4.5 cm and weighs 8 grams. The skin color is bright blue and tends to be darker on the legs. The bright colored skin is a sign that his body contains many very dangerous poisons. Where the poison in the frog’s body comes out of the alkaloid glands and can paralyze and kill predators. The spots on the skin have a different pattern in each individual and are useful for identification.

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